(+)-4-Isopropenyl-1-Methylcyclohexene; (+)-R-Limonene; Citrene; D-(+)-Limonene (+)-p-menth-1,8-diene; Carvene; Optical Isomer of Dipentene; (R)-1-Methyl-4-(1-Methylethyenyl); Cyclohexene.
Limonene is a hydrocarbon, classified as a cyclic terpene. It is a colourless liquid at room temperatures with an extremely strong smell of oranges. It takes its name from the lemon, as the rind of the lemon, like other citrus fruits, contains considerable amounts of this chemical compound, which is responsible for much of their smell. Limonene is a chiral molecule, and as is common with such forms, biological sources produce one enantiomer: the principal industrial source, citrus fruit, contains D-limonene ((+)-limonene), which is the (R)-enantiomer (CAS number 5989-27-5, EINECS number 227-813-5). Racemic limonene is known as dipentene.